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history of myanmar education system

At the apex of its delta, the Irrawaddy breaks up into a vast network of streams and empties into the Andaman Sea through multiple mouths. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Council on Foreign Relations - Understanding Myanmar, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Burma, Myanmar - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Myanmar - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). For the poor and disadvantaged in remote areas who have no access to or cannot afford to go to public schools, monastic schools are often the only source of education, providing free tuition and textbooks. Faculties in Medicine, Engineer, Education, Law, Arts, Science, Agriculture, Social Science and Forestry were established with their respective training courses before 1962. According to Ministry of Education (MoE) figures, in the 2015/16 school year Myanmar had 45,387 schools catering to 8.85m children. Schooling is compulsory until the end of elementary school. In olden days there were Buddhist monasteries in every corner of the country including in towns, villages and most of these monasteries had schools attached. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Education in Myanmar is the main theme of the seminar that was held at the Australian National University, Centre for UNESCO building at 5 Liversidge Street on Wednesday, 31 March 2004 at 4:30 p.m. 2. During British colonial rule, educational access for women improved tremendously. Their average elevation is about 6,000 feet (1,800 metres), although some peaks rise to 10,000 feet (3,000 metres) or higher. Nevertheless, this is a successful non-sate education regime which offers a model for dual-language schooling in a multi-ethnic country such as Burma - a prototype ‘federal’ education system. Following an optional pre-school period, children enter primary school for 5 compulsory years. Universities offer bachelor's degree programs, master's degree programs, and doctorate degree programs. There is a very high level of enthusiasm and … Then after 1962 some of these faculties were transformed into separate universities. The higher education system follows a 4-1-3 year program with 4 years for a bachelor's degree, one year of qualifying classes, and 3 years for a master's degree. When Myanmar gained her independence, new education plans were drawn up and since 1952, four year education plans were implemented. When protected by forest cover, these soils absorb the region’s heavy rain, but they erode quickly once the forest has been cleared. Nearly all schools are government-operated, but recently, there has been an increase in privately funded schools (which specialise in English). The highland regions of Myanmar are covered with highly leached, iron-rich, dark red and reddish brown soils. In 1989 the country’s official English name, which it had held since 1885, was changed from the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar; in the Burmese language the country has been known as Myanma (or, more precisely, Mranma Prañ) since the 13th century. Historically, Burma, officially called Myanmar, has not supported and has even been hostile to education. Abstract. An intensive adult literacy campaign was initiated in 1983-84, which mobilized educated persons living in villages and urban neighborhoods to bring basic reading and writing skills to over 750,000 adults. Myanmar's educational system has been suffering from a proportionately declining budget. Myanmar slopes from north to south, from an elevation of 19,296 feet (5,881 metres) at Mount Hkakabo (the country’s highest peak) in the extreme north to sea level at the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) and Sittang (Sittoung) river deltas. But there are 150 universities and colleges that are divided into 14 divisions and states. Then in 1866, the British established an education centre in lower Myanmar and the monastic education system was transformed into classroom education. Children currently spend five years at primary school, four in lower secondary and two in upper secondary. In 1922, the Department of Education was established at Yangon University College and the diploma education course was introduced. In 1931, the Teachers’ Training College (TTC) was established as a constituent college of the college of the University of Yangon. Engineering takes 6 year of study and … In 2005, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs officially announced that Burma education was reaching an international standard and the government had fully entitled to 156 universities and colleges in Myanmar. From north to south, the Patkai Range, Naga Hills, and Chin Hills form the border between India and Myanmar. Low in nutrients and organic matter, they are improved by fertilizers. In 1884 Yangon College was established and was affiliated to Calcutta University in India. The Education Sector Study (ESS), a collaborative effort of the Ministry of Education, UNESCO and the UN Development Program (UNDP), was a watershed in the development of education in Myanmar. Myanmar - History Background; Myanmar - Educational System—overview; Myanmar - Administration, Finance, Educational Research; Myanmar - Teaching Profession; Myanmar - Summary; Education Encyclopedia - StateUniversity.com Global Education Reference Meeting demand The obvious challenge for policy-makers in Myanmar would appear to be around the scale and mix of investment in higher education. The education of Myanmar first began during the time of ancient kings and had been regarded as important and significant. The basic read, write and calculate training courses known by Ah Thone Lone began in the year 1964-1965. Myanmar, also called Burma, country, located in the western portion of mainland Southeast Asia. or B.Sc. The National Education Strategic Plan (NESP) 2016-21 was developed as a result of a nationwide comprehensive education sector review, which started in 2012. Since Myanmar’s internal conflicts are long-lasting and complex, the new education system should help people understand the underlying causes of current ethnic conflicts, contribute to social transformation and the peace process as well as learn non-violent ways of responding to conflict. In Myanmar, where more than 80 per cent of the population lives in rural areas, monastic schools fill a significant gap in the education sector. Starting with pre-colonial forms of schooling, which occurred almost entirely outside the confines of the state, the chapter traces the evolution through colonisation and the country’s independence to the non-state and state-provided education systems that exist today. 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